A solar-powered water system is made of two basic parts. The solar electric modules are the power house. The electricity from the panels goes to the motor and pump, which send the water through the pipe to where you want it. Many solar-powered water systems pump the water into a large holding tank. This reserves storage supplies during cloudy weather or at night.

Solar modules are usually installed on special ground or pole mounting structures. For more output, modules are installed on a tracker – a mounting structure that follows the sun like a sunflower.

Solar electricity may be used directly or it may be stored in batteries for later use. The batteries used for most systems are slightly different than ones used in cars. They are called deep-cycle batteries and are designed to be rechargeable and to provide a steady amount of power over a long period of time.